Condé, Louis I, prince de

   The founder of the House of Condé and a huguenot leader, Louis I, prince de Condé, the youngest son of charles ш de bourbon, duke de Vendôme, and brother of Antoine de Bourbon, the father of henry iv, was born in Vendôme. Raised as a Protestant, he fought in the French War (1551-57) against Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor. In 1560, Condé led the Protestant conspiracy against francis II of France and was condemned to death. A change in policy, however, at the accession of charles ix, saved his life, and the following year he was appointed governor of picardy. Shortly after, the religious wars between French Catholics and Protestants began, and Condé took command of the Huguenot army. He was defeated at the Battle of Dreux (1562), however, and later at Jarnac (1569), after which he was assassinated at the instigation of the duke of Anjou, the future henry III.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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